To correlate tumour grading and prognostic immunohistochemical markers of lung cancer with simultaneously acquired standardised uptake values (SUV) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) derived from hybrid PET/MRI. In this retrospective study, 55 consecutive patients (mean age 62.5 ± 9.2 years) with therapy-naïve, histologically proven lung cancer were included. All patients underwent whole-body PET/MRI using 18F-flourdeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) as a radiotracer. Diffusion-weighted imaging of the chest (DWI, b-values: 0, 500, 1000 s/mm The average SUVmax, SUVmean, ADCmin and ADCmean in lung cancer primaries were 12.6 ± 5.9, 7.7 ± 4.6, 569.9 ± 96.1 s/mm 18F-FDG-PET/MRI showed weak to moderate correlations between SUV, ADC, tumour grading and erbB2-expression of lung cancer. Hence, 18F-FDG-PET/MRI may, to some extent, offer complementary information to the histopathology of lung cancer, for the evaluation of tumour aggressiveness and treatment response.