Differentiation Between Anteroposterior and Posteroanterior Chest X-Ray View Position With Convolutional Neural Networks.


Detection and validation of the chest X-ray view position with use of convolutional neural networks to improve meta-information for data cleaning within a hospital data infrastructure. Within this paper we developed a convolutional neural network which automatically detects the anteroposterior and posteroanterior view position of a chest radiograph. We trained two different network architectures (VGG variant and ResNet-34) with data published by the RSNA (26 684 radiographs, class distribution 46 % AP, 54 % PA) and validated these on a self-compiled dataset with data from the University Hospital Essen (4507, radiographs, class distribution 55 % PA, 45 % AP) labeled by a human reader. For visualization and better understanding of the network predictions, a Grad-CAM was generated for each network decision. The network results were evaluated based on the accuracy, the area under the curve (AUC), and the F1-score against the human reader labels. Also a final performance comparison between model predictions and DICOM labels was performed.The ensemble models reached accuracy and F1-scores greater than 95 %. The AUC reaches more than 0.99 for the ensemble models. The Grad-CAMs provide insight as to which anatomical structures contributed to a decision by the networks which are comparable with the ones a radiologist would use. Furthermore, the trained models were able to generalize over mislabeled examples, which was found by comparing the human reader labels to the predicted labels as well as the DICOM labels.

•The results show that certain incorrectly entered meta-information of radiological images can be effectively corrected by deep learning in order to increase data quality in clinical application as well as in research.

•The predictions for both view positions are accurate with respect to external validation data.. · The networks based their decisions on anatomical structures and key points that were in-line with prior knowledge and human understanding. · Final models were able to detect labeling errors within the test dataset.

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René Hosch
René Hosch
Team Lead

My research interests include distributed Computer Vision, Generative Adversarial Networks and Image-to-Image translation.

Felix Nensa
Felix Nensa

My research interests include medical digitalization, computer vision and radiology.